IL-2 Superkine (Fc)
Methods: IL-2Rβ (human) was coated on an ELISA plate at 1μg/ml. After blocking and washing steps, indicated concentrations of IL-2 Superkine (Fc) or IL-2 (human):Fc (human) were added. Following incubation for 1 h at RT, the binding was detected using an anti-human Fc antibody (HRP).
|Synonyms||IL-2 Superkine (H9) (human):Fc (human) (rec.); Interleukin-2; T Cell Growth Factor; TCGF; Aldesleukin; Super-2|
|Source/Host||HEK 293 cells|
Human IL-2 (aa 21-153) (mutant H9 containing the mutations L80F / R81D / L85V / I 86V / I92F) is fused at the C-terminus to the Fc portion of human IgG2.
Triggers far greater antitumor responses than native IL-2 in vivo but with lower toxicity.
Binds to human and mouse IL-2R.
Triggers T cell proliferation at concentration <10ng/ml in the presence of 250ng/mL each of anti-CD3 (ANC-144-020) and anti-CD28 (ANC-177-020) antibodies.
|Endotoxin Content||<0.01EU/μg protein (LAL test; Lonza).|
|Concentration||0.1mg/ml after reconstitution.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute with 100μl sterile water.|
|Formulation||Lyophilized. Contains PBS.|
|Protein Negative Control|
|Other Product Data|
|Shipping and Handling|
|Short Term Storage||+4°C|
|Long Term Storage||-20°C|
After reconstitution, prepare aliquots and store at -20°C.
Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.
Centrifuge lyophilized vial before opening and reconstitution.
PBS containing at least 0.1% BSA should be used for further dilutions.
Stable for at least 6 months after receipt when stored at -20°C.
Working aliquots are stable for up to 3 months when stored at -20°C.
|Application Note||Download PDF|
|Product Specification Sheet|
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a 133 amino acid glycoprotein with one intramolecular disulfide bond and variable glycosylation. It is secreted by activated T cells and induces proliferation and maturation of activated T cells, natural killer cells and lymphokine activated killer cells. IL-2 also stimulates proliferation of antibody-producing B cells, activates neutrophils and induces mononuclear cells to secrete IFN-γ and TNF-α and -β. Moreover, studies have shown that IL-2 is required for activation-induced apoptosis, an important homeostatic mechanism in the immune system, which is involved in the maintenance of peripheral tolerance to self-antigens.
IL-2 promotes T cell proliferation and particularly naive T cells. IL-2 signaling on activated T cells is effected through a quaternary high-affinity receptor complex consisting of IL-2, IL-2Rα (CD25), IL-2Rβ and IL-2Rγ. Naive T cells are relatively insensitive to IL-2 as they only express small amounts of IL-2Rβ and IL-2Rγ. They only acquire sensitivity after CD25 expression, which captures the cytokine and presents it to the IL-2Rβ and IL-2Rγ receptors. IL-2 Superkine (Fc) is an artificial variant of IL-2 containing mutations at positions L80F / R81D / L85V / I 86V / I92F. These mutations are located in the molecule's core that acts to stabilize the structure and to give it a receptor-binding conformation mimicking native IL-2 bound to CD25. These mutations effectively eliminate the functional requirement of IL-2 for CD25 expression and elicit proliferation of T cells. Compared to IL-2, the IL-2 superkine induces superior expansion of cytotoxic T cells, leading to improved antitumour responses in vivo, and elicits proportionally less toxicity by lowering the expansion of Tregulatory cells and reducing pulmonary oedema.
- Exploiting a natural conformational switch to engineer an interleukin-2 'superkine': AM. Levin, et al.; Nature 484, 529 (2012)