Progranulin [PGRN] - Marker of Neuroinflammation


Progranulin (PGRN) is a cysteine-rich protein, composed of seven ~6kDa granulin (GRN) proteins, that shows multifunctional biological activities, including major roles in cancer, inflammation, metabolic disease and neurodegeneration, especially as a valuable biomarker for Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD). PGRN is an abundant, non-conventional, stress-induced, extracellular matrix-bound secreted growth factor-like molecule and cytoplasmic chaperone, that functions in a cellular and disease specific pattern. PGRN binds to several functionally different receptor families in a cell/tissue specific and condition/disease-dependent manner. For example, PGRN binding with TNFR and DR3 has an important anti-inflammatory role in immune cells, particularly Tregs and macrophages. PGRN/Ephrin type-A receptor 2 (EphA2) interaction is involved in the proliferative influence of PGRN. PGRN binds and activates Notch receptors, enhancing the regenerative capacity of injured neurons. PGRN is also a lysosomal resident protein and sortilin and lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) have been demonstrated to be the lysosomal trafficking receptors for PGRN with the help of Prosaposin. In the brain, PGRN is primarily expressed in mature neurons and microglia. Absence of progranulin in microglia causes increased production and release of multiple cytokines, suggesting that PGRN regulates microglia activation. PGRN seems to affect microglial proliferation, recruitment, differentiation, activation and phagocytosis, suggesting that PGRN plays a central role in the regulation of neuroinflammatory responses. In neurons, PGRN i) co-localizes in late endosomes and early lysosomes with the transmembrane protein TMEM106B, ii) co-localizes with markers such as BDNF along axons, iii) influences synaptic structure and function at synaptic and extra-synaptic sites, where it is secreted in an activity-dependent manner, and iv) extracellular PGRN is endocytosed and delivered to lysosomes. The lysosomal function of PGRN is not well characterized, but probably involves regulation of proteins such as cathepsins, glucocerebrosidase (GBA) or TMEM106B and likely contributes to neurodegeneration.

Progranulin expression in plasma predicts GRN mutations status, independently of symptom onset proximity. Progranulin loss-of-function mutations are among the most frequent genetic causes, responsible for 20% of familial FTLD. If a patient carries a mutation in the progranulin gene, it can be detected using AdipoGen's Progranulin (human) ELISA Kits. These are the only and unique kits on the market detecting all mutations of Progranulin [4]. See below an overview of our Unique ELISA Kits, Proteins and Antibodies, related to Progranulin and its receptor Sortilin.

Literature References:

  1. Progranulin, lysosomal regulation and neurodegenerative disease: A.W. Kao, et al.; Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 18, 325 (2017)

  2. The lysosomal function of progranulin, a guardian against neurodegeneration: D.H. Paushter, et al.; Acta Neuropathol. 136, 1 (2018)

  3. Progranulin: A conductor of receptors orchestra, a chaperone of lysosomal enzymes and a therapeutic target for multiple diseases: Y. Cui, et al.; Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 45, 53 (2019)

  4. Plasma progranulin levels for frontotemporal dementia in clinical practice: a 10-year French experience: L. Sellami, et al.; Neurobiol. Aging 91, 167 (2020)

Unique Reagents for Progranulin Research

NEW Progranulin (human) ELISA Kit (mAb/mAb) - Reliable & Cost-effective

Mutations in Progranulin (GRN) have been reported to cause FTLD through haploinsufficiency. Mutations in GRN account for 5-10% of all the FTLD cases, leading to an approximately 50% reduction of the precursor protein Progranulin. Decreased levels of Progranulin protein predict GRN mutations, even in pre-symptomatic carriers more than four decades before disease onset. Screening of individuals with GRN mutations can be made by Progranulin measurement in serum and plasma using ELISAs and confirmed by molecular analysis of the GRN gene.

The new Progranulin (human) ELISA Kit (mAb/mAb) (Prod. No. AG-45B-0027) is a sandwich ELISA for the specific quantitative determination of human Progranulin in serum, plasma and cell culture supernatants. This ELISA Kit shows both high specificity and high sensitivity of 100% for detecting GRN mutations in an FTLD patient cohort, which makes this ELISA Kit an ideal assay to improve the precision of Progranulin analysis in the screening of GRN mutations.


Sensitivity, Limit of Detection: 0.06 ng/ml
Specificity: Validated on Mutated and Null GRN plasma samples. Detects human Progranulin in cell culture supernatant, serum and plasma samples.
Range: 0.063 ng/ml - 4 ng/ml
Intra-assays and inter-assays: <9%
   Progranulin (human) ELISA Kit (mAb/mAb)

Concentrations of Progranulin plasma levels in FTLD and healthy samples:

Using the new mAb-based ELISA kit (AG-45B-0027), plasma progranulin levels in FTLD-GRN are lower (~28 ng/ml) compared to controls (~98 ng/ml).

Progranulin (human) ELISA Kit (mAb/mAb)

ROC curve of the new ELISA Kit:

ROC analysis shows that at a threshold of 55 ng/ml plasma progranulin measured with ELISA Kit (AG-45B-0027) discriminates FTLD-GRN patients from controls with 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity.

Progranulin (human) ELISA Kit (mAb/mAb)
Download the Validation Poster! Download the ELISA Kit Manual

STANDARD - Progranulin [PGRN] ELISA Kits 

Progranulin (human) ELISA Kit

Progranulin (mouse) ELISA Kit

Progranulin (rat) ELISA Kit

• Trusted Reproducible Results!
• Used to Determine Cut-Off values for FTLD!
• Cited in Hundreds of Scientific Publications!





TAG-FREE - Progranulin Recombinant Proteins 

Progranulin (human) (rec.) (untagged)

Progranulin (mouse) (rec.) (untagged)

Progranulin (rat) (rec.) (untagged)




• Higher activity compared to tagged progranulins (binding to Sortilin)
• Suitable for in vitro and in vivo studies
• Reflects the native sequence with no additional amino acids
• Affinity purified
• Low endotoxin levels (<0.01EU/µg)

NEW Sortilin [Progranulin Receptor] Research Reagents 

Sortilin (human) (rec.) (His) AG-40B-0229

Progranulin (human) (rec.) (untagged) (Prod. No. AG-40A-0188Y) is coated on an ELISA plate at 1 μg/ml overnight at 4°C. Sortilin (human) (rec.) (His) (Prod. No. AG-40B-0229) or a control His tagged protein (Prod. No. AG-40B-0177) is added (starting at a concentration of 100nM with a twofold serial dilution) during one hour at RT and the interaction is then detected using an anti-His antibody coupled to HRP.
   Sortilin receptor

anti-Sortilin (human), mAb (rec.) (blocking) (preservative free) [Latozinemab]



Binding of Progranulin (human) (rec.) (untagged) (Prod. No. AG-40A-0188Y) to Sortilin (human) (rec.) (His) (Prod. No. AG-40B-0229) is inhibited by the antibody Sortilin (human), mAb (rec.) (blocking) [Latozinemab Bioimilar] (Prod. No. AG-27B-7000PF).

Progranulin Antibodies, Tagged Proteins & Related Products

Product Name PID Product Description

anti-Progranulin (human), pAb


Recognizes human progranulin. Detects a band of ~90kDa by Western blot. Weakly cross-reacts with mouse progranulin. Cross-reacts with hGRN-C and hGRN-F. Works in Immunohistochemistry and Western blot applications.

anti-Progranulin (mouse), pAb


Recognizes mouse progranulin. Detects a band of ~90kDa by Western blot. Weakly cross-reacts with human progranulin. Works in Western blot application.
anti-Granulin C (human), pAb AG-25A-0090 Recognizes human granulin C. Detects a band of ~12kDa by Western blot. Cross-reacts with human progranulin. Works on recombinant protein in Western blot application.
Progranulin (human) (rec.) AG-40A-0068Y

Human progranulin (aa 1-593) is fused at the C-terminus to a FLAG®-tag. Activates ERK phosphorylation in THP-1 and MCF10A cells and induces cell migration of THP-1 monocytic leukemia cells.

Progranulin (rat) (rec.) AG-40A-0194 Rat progranulin (aa 1-602) are fused at the C-terminus to a FLAG®-tag.
Granulin C (human) (rec.) (His) AG-40A-0129

Human granulin C (aa 364-430) is fused at the N-terminus to a His-tag.

More Information


Downloadable Flyer

Progranulin INSIGHTS - Marker of Neuroinflammation!

Progranulin (PGRN) shows multifunctional biological activities, including major roles in cancer, inflammation, metabolic disease and neurodegeneration, especially as a valuable biomarker for Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD).

AdipoGen offers a broad range of unique Progranulin tools for neuroinflammation research.

Released - January 2023

  Progranulin Insights 2023


Progranulin (human) ELISA Kit (mAb-based) Poster (A3)

Validation and Comparision of Adipogen's unique, specific and sensitive human Progranulin ELISA Kits for detection of GRN mutations in FTLD samples.

Released - November 2022

  Progranulin (human) ELISA Kit (mAb-based) Poster

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