Tim-4 (mouse):Fc (human) (rec.) (Biotin)

CHF 300.00
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Product Details
Synonyms TIM4; TIMD4; T Cell Immunoglobulin and Mucin Domain-containing Protein 4
Product Type Protein
Properties
Source/Host CHO cells
Sequence

The extracellular domain of mouse Tim-4 (aa 22-279) is fused to the N-terminus of the Fc region of human IgG1.

Crossreactivity Human
Mouse
Application

Function:

- inhibits stimulated T cell proliferation
- used to isolate extracellular vesicles (see Reference 2 or download Protocol)

Label/Conjugates Biotin
Specificity

Tim-4 can isolate extracellular vesicles from different species (human, mouse, rat, etc.) containing phosphatidylserine (PS) at their surface.

Biological Activity

Measured by its ability to inhibit anti-CD3-induced proliferation of stimulated human T cells. The Tim-4 (mouse):Fc (human) (rec.) (Biotin) is used with magnetic beads to isolate extracellular vesicles. 120ng of the protein is sufficient to isolate 1010 particles in a calcium-dependent manner.

MW ~95kDa (SDS-PAGE)
Purity ≥95% (SDS-PAGE)
Endotoxin Content <0.05EU/μg protein (LAL test; Lonza).
Concentration 0.1mg/ml after reconstitution.
Reconstitution Reconstitute with 100 µl sterile water.
Formulation Lyophilized from 0.2μm-filtered solution in PBS.
Other Product Data

NCBI reference NP_848874.3: Tim-4 (mouse)

Shipping and Handling
Shipping BLUE ICE
Short Term Storage +4°C
Long Term Storage -20°C
Handling Advice Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.
Use/Stability Stable for at least 1 year after receipt when stored at -20°C.
Stable for at least 6 months after receipt when stored at -20°C.
Working aliquots are stable for up to 3 months when stored at -20°C.
Documents
Protocols Download PDF
MSDS No
Product Specification Sheet
Datasheet Download PDF

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released by a variety of cells into the cellular microenvironment and have the natural ability of delivering different cargos and carry bioactive molecules such as non-coding RNA, miRNAs, genomic DNA, lipids, growth factors and signaling molecules.  EVs can be divided into exosomes (30-100nm), microvesicles (100-1000nm) and apoptotic bodies (>1000nm). EVs play substantial roles not only in the regulation of normal physiological processes but also in disease pathogenesis and their cargo reflects the status of parental cells at the time of secretion. Various studies are currently being conducted to develop therapeutic and diagnostic methods targeting or utilizing EVs. Therefore, developing ideal methods for isolating and quantifying EVs is an active area of research. EVs express phosphatidylserine (PS) on their outer lipid bilayer.

Tim-4 (T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 4) is a single-pass type I membrane protein which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily and TIM family. Tim-4 contains one Ig-like V-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain. It is expressed on dendritic cells and macrophages. Tim-4 plays an important role in the proliferation of T helper type 2 (Th2) cells. Tim-4 binds to phosphatidylserine (PS) on the surface of apoptotic cells in a calcium-dependent manner and mediates phagocytosis of apoptotic cells.

EV membranes are rich in phosphatidylserine (PS) and Tim-4 binds to PS on the surface of EVs. A new protocol from the group of Prof. Rikinari Hanayama describes an affinity-based method for isolating EVs using streptavidin magnetic beads conjugated with Tim-4-biotin to capture EVs in a calcium-dependent manner [2]. This new protocol could replace ultracentrifugation, that is the most commonly used method for purifying EVs. This new Tim-4-dependent method gives good yield, high purity and allows isolation of all populations of EVs compared to other approaches (ultracentrifugation, PEG precipitation or selected antibodies immunoprecipitation).

See Reference 2 for a complete protocol (Download available).

Product References
  1. A novel affinity-based method for the isolation of highly purified extracellular vesicles: W. Nakai, et al.; Sci. Rep. 6, 33935 (2016)
  2. High purity isolation and sensitive quantification of extracellular vesicles using affinity to Tim-4: T. Yoshida, et al.; Curr. Prot. Cell Biol. 77, 3.45.1-3.45.18 (2017)
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